Tuesday, June 18, 2019

Critically discuss Plato's theory of the psyche and relate it with Essay

Critically discuss Platos theory of the head and relate it with managing immediately - Essay ExamplePlato understood that the charitable mastermind is in constant exchange with the external social, cultural and political environment. The similarities between Platos and Freuds conceptions of the psyche are relevant to modern business wariness because Freudian psychoanalysis is well entrenched in Human Resources Management practice. The continued utility of Platos theory of the psyche to modern managers is illustrated by its perusal in management seminars and workshops. Even the process of knowledge creation and transfer prevalent in management practice like a shot has parallels to Platos ideas on knowledge. Platos theory of psyche remains an eminent source of wisdom and counsel to leaders in respective(a) fields today. Introduction Plato is one of the most influential philosophers from the Hellenistic Age, whose ideas are still relevant to modern times. Business management as w e know it today was not a preoccupation of Plato. For that matter, management of business enterprises under a capitalist framework is a modern phenomenon ushered in by the Industrial novelty of late 18th century. But Plato was a polymath, who forwarded treatises on a range of subjects. Questions of what constitutes good governance under a monarch was a focus of his thought. When we picture closely, there are many parallels between the structure of a kingdom and that of a business corporation. Both are more or less peremptory institutions with a top-d feature power hierarchy. With the net worth of many Fortune 500 corporations is equivalent to the GDP of some nations, corporate houses are rightly referred to as empires in management literature. Hence, although the thoughts of Plato and that of Peter Drucker are separated by two millennia, the former can be seen as a management guru in his own right. In particular, Platos speculations and assertions on the nature of human psyche ha ve withstood the test of time and are a useful aid to modern managers. This analyze will flesh out this thesis in detail. Body of Essay It is fair to state that of all ancient Greek philosophers, it was Plato, who defined and characterized the nature of the psyche in great detail. Plato was the one who defined the abstract and the rational as equivalent to the honourable good. He equated self-knowledge with self-restraint, and proclaimed that knowledge is virtue.... Lack of knowledge and the irrational, were equated with moral evil, and then, with madness. (Buckley, 2001, p. 452) For Plato, the soma makes up the physical body, while the psyche is the what animates a body and gives it life. Psyche is what distinguishes a living creature from a dead one. The body, on the other hand, plays host to the psyche and can either restrict or extend the expression of psyche. According to Plato, the psyche is not made of substance and it is immortal. Plato divided human psyche into three com ponents the rational, affective and appetitive. In simple terms, examples of appetites or desires are thirst, hunger, etc. The ability to overcome the appetites is the function of the rational. And the appetitive, also called the Spirit is the moral orbit as attuned by social norms. He defined conflict as a struggle between the rational and the appetitive portions with each trying to wage the affective portion on its side. (Buckley, 2001, p.453) For example, conflicts could arise in simple situation like these I know it is wrong to lie, but can

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.